[sword-devel] BPBible 0.3

Chris Little chrislit at crosswire.org
Sat Jun 7 01:03:00 MST 2008

DM Smith wrote:
> On Jun 6, 2008, at 7:13 PM, Ben Morgan wrote:
>> Just a question - do you think that the GUI controls, such as text  
>> boxes and lists and what not (everything but the actual text of the  
>> module), should be able to have a different font from the actual  
>> text? Currently under Windows at least, they would have a different  
>> font - arial I think is the default for the html, while it uses the  
>> default windows font for the GUI controls (probably verdana or  
>> something).
> As Peter and I worked on translating BibleDesktop into Farsi we  
> discovered many things about fonts and internationalization. The core  
> lesson is:
> Fonts should be able to be tied to a language for the text that is  
> being displayed. While it may be nice to have fonts set per module, it  
> is not necessary. When a text consists of multiple languages, each  
> piece should be clearly marked (as with xml's xml:lang attribute).
> (Actually, it really should be set at the level of "script" but I  
> don't know of any formalization of scripts that we could use. (Such as  
> ISO-639 for languages). I'm not sure that even if such a notion  
> existed whether we could make it understandable to users.)

ISO 15924 (or even BCP 47) as Jonathan suggests is the standard you're 
looking for. OSIS allows both xml:lang and script, with the 
understanding that the latter contain an ISO 15924 code. The definition 
of xml:lang has changed a little since we wrote OSIS, so script is 
basically unnecessary now. xml:lang holds a BCP 47 tag, which can 
contain language, script, & locale subtags.

See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BCP_47 or just google BCP 46 or its two 
RFCs: 4646 and 4647.

In assigning fonts throughout a text that isn't nicely tagged with 
script attributes, ICU can help you by identifying the script to which 
each character belongs (according to its ISO 15924 designation). I don't 
know whether Java itself provides anything similar.


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